Protecting our vital resource from growing criminal appetites.
Project duration: 2016 > 2018
Partners: Rissc – Siti – University of Maribor – University of La Coruna – REC Hungary
Project funded by the Internal Security Fund Programme of the European Union
Crimes against water go from the pilfering of water from pipelines, to illegal waste management, up to marine pollution by oil spills. Other water related crimes are recorded under other offences – such as fraud, corruption, trafficking, falsification of documents (e.g. manipulating daily waste-water sampling methods to reduce treatment costs). Furthermore, both physical and logical water-management infrastructures are exposed to cyberattacks and traditional terrorist threats (EUROPOL, 2014; ENISA, 2014).
”NO WATER USERS, ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD CAN BE GUARANTEED THEY WILL HAVE
UNINTERRUPTED ACCESS TO THE WATER SUPPLIES, THEY NEED OR WANT“
Water, the blue oil, is a strategic resource for the future of everyone. Its limited availability (more than 98% of water is salted), the tensions related to its overconsumption and unequal distribution (9 countries holds more than 60% of drinkable freshwater), its vital function, and its inner vulnerability makes water a hot product, highly exposed to different criminal interests. WATER CRIMES deserve specific attention because they:
- Have not an official international definition or classification
- Have an ambiguous legal status
- Are peculiar with respect to other environmental crimes